Chapter 10 Install a source package
The most common type of package you install is a binary package. Packages released on CRAN are built as pre-compiled binaries.
However often it is useful to install packages which do not have a pre-built binary version available. This allows you to install development versions not yet released on CRAN, as well as older versions of released packages. It also lets you build your own packages locally.
To install a source package you will need to setup a development environment.
There are a few main functions used to install source packages.
devtools::install_dev()to install the latest development version of a CRAN package.3
devtools::install_github()to install a package directly from GitHub, even if it is not on CRAN.
devtools::install_version()to install previously released CRAN versions of a package.
devtools::install_dev("dplyr") will install the development
version of dplyr.
devtools::install_github("jimhester/lookup") will install
Jim’s lookup package (which is not on CRAN), and
devtools::install_version("readr", "1.0.0") will install readr 1.0.0.
It is also possible to fork, clone and work with a package
directly then use
devtools::load_all() to work with the package locally like you would with
a package you have created yourself.
10.1 Installation to a temporary library
It is sometimes useful to install packages to a temporary library, so that they
don’t affect your normal packages. This can be done by using the
to the devtools install functions, then using
library() when you
load the package.
library(devtools) tmp_lib <- "~/tmp/tmp_library" dir.create(tmp_lib) devtools::install_github("dill/beyonce", lib = tmp_lib) ## restart R ## explicitly load the affected packages from the temporary library library(beyonce, lib.loc = tmp_lib) ## your experimentation goes here ## done? clean up! unlink(tmp_lib, recursive = TRUE)
Try the activity:
To practice installing various types of source packages.
This will only work if the package includes a link to the development location in the package DESCRIPTION↩